American Crossroads

The Crossroads organizations were put together by Karl Rove and Ed Gillespie, former advisers to President George W. Bush. American Crossroads is a Super PAC, while its affiliate Crossroads Grassroots Policy Solutions (commonly called Crossroads GPS) is a 501(c)(4) nonprofit. In 2010, Rove and Gillespie brought the Crossroads groups together with other GOP outside spending organizations, including groups backed by the Koch brothers, to achieve an unprecedented level of coordination.[1][2] The Crossroads groups are closely associated and share staff with the Senate Leadership Fund, the Congressional Leadership Fund, One Nation, and the American Action Network.

In the 2012 elections, American Crossroads spent $104.7 million.[3] In 2014, the group’s fundraising and spending declined, reportedly due to a lack of success in 2012 that left “donors grumbling that their money had been wasted.”[4] In May 2015, the New York Times claimed in a headline that “Rove’s Crossroads PAC is no longer [the] G.O.P.’s big dog” and wrote that “the Koch political network has leapfrogged the Crossroads organizations in size and reach.”[5] According to FEC records, American Crossroads spent $21.9 million in the 2014 cycle.

While Rove has publicly criticized presumptive GOP nominee Donald Trump, Crossroads has reportedly told its donors that “it can help Trump win the White House.”[6] The group has spent $125,000 to date against Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton.[7]

As of January 31, 2016, American Crossroads reported that it had $2.5 million cash-on-hand.[8] Its top donor for the 2016 cycle is billionaire CEO Warren Stephens, who has given $1 million.

[1]GOP groups coordinated spending.” Jeanne Cummings, Politico, 11/3/10

[2]Karl Rove’s fight club.” Kenneth Vogel, Politico, 3/27/12

[3]American Crossroads – Outside Spending Summary 2012.” The Center for Responsive Politics, accessed 9/25/15

[4]Fund-Raising by G.O.P. Rebels Outpaces Party Establishment.” Nicholas Confessore, The New York Times, 2/1/14

[5]Rove’s Crossroads PAC is No Longer G.O.P.’s Big Dog.” Eric Lichtblau and Maggie Haberman, The New York Times, 5/21/15

[6]Karl Rove-backed PAC warms to Trump.” Kenneth Vogel and Eli Stokols, Politico, 04/14/16

[7]Karl Rove-backed PAC warms to Trump.” Kenneth Vogel and Eli Stokols, Politico, 04/14/16

[8]American Crossroads – FEC Form 3X.” Federal Election Commission, 03/31/16, p. 2